Germany's Housing Market Is Hot. Is It Overheating?

Jan 5, 2013
Originally published on January 5, 2013 4:59 am

Few Western countries are as conservative about home ownership as Germany, where less than half the country's citizens own property.

German banks have tough lending rules. Would-be buyers are usually asked to provide hefty down payments to secure mortgages, meaning few Germans even think about buying a home until they are settled and financially secure.

But the European debt crisis appears to be changing the traditions around home ownership. The resulting surge in homebuying, some officials warn, is driving prices too high and threatens the nation's economy.

In the trendy Berlin neighborhood of Mitte, real estate agent Anne Riney is showing her client Christian Ehrler a two-bedroom apartment for sale. Ehrler is hoping to buy the $476,000 place with a bank loan covering the full cost.

With such a big loan, he's taking the unusual step of using his parents' home in southern Germany as collateral.

"It's a good thing to invest, and in such a good location, the prices will increase for sure," Ehrler says of his plans. His goal is to get a mortgage with an interest rate lower than 3 percent — less than half the rate his parents paid for their mortgage.

Seeking Safe Investments In Uncertain Times

Ehrler's not the only one with plans to buy a home. He says all his friends are in the market now, too.

These days, buyers lured by low interest rates or seeking a safer way to invest money are flooding the market in Berlin and other German cities, looking to snap up property any way they can.

The growing demand has driven real estate prices up by as much as 20 percent in some areas in the past year.

And it's not only Germans who are shopping; international investors are pulling their money out of struggling countries like Italy and Greece to buy property here.

Riney, the real estate agent, says foreign buyers are attracted to Germany's financial stability.

"In Germany, growth is slow and steady, which is a healthy type of growth because it does have basis in reality," says Riney. "Whereas in other countries, you'll often get growth from a hype, where ... the value of a property and the asking price didn't have any real relationship."

But a growing number of analysts and officials are warning that Germany is not immune to the kind of real estate bubble that crippled the U.S. and other Western countries in recent years.

Big Down Payments

Stefan Mitropoulos, an analyst with Germany's Helaba bank, says the buying spree has sent German property prices soaring in recent years, leading buyers to take on large loans that many can't afford.

That means Germany, which has footed much of the bill for Greek and other European bailouts, could soon face tough financial times of its own.

Mitropoulos recalls a similar rise in property prices at the time of German reunification. That paralyzed the housing market here for more than a decade, he says. But, he adds, Germany's traditionally conservative banking practices should help reduce the risk of widespread financial disaster experienced by other countries where real estate bubbles have burst.

Riney, the Berlin real estate agent, agrees, adding that German banks already take steps to protect against property devaluations.

"They take the market value and knock 20 percent off it, and use this as their value for orientation," Riney says. "They usually give a loan for 80 percent of that."

And those banks will lend even less to buyers coming from abroad, Riney adds. Some of those buyers have to put up as much as 60 percent as a down payment.

Copyright 2013 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

LINDA WERTHEIMER, HOST:

Few Western countries are as tough about home ownership as Germany, where not even half the citizens own property. Banks there have stringent lending rules. Would-be homebuyers are usually asked to provide hefty down payments. And most Germans don't even think about buying a home until they're settled and financially secure. But the European debt crisis appears to be changing those traditions. Some officials warn the resulting run on property is driving up prices and threatening Germany's economy. NPR's Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson has this report from Berlin.

(SOUNDBITE OF FOOTSTEPS)

ANNE RINEY: This is historically protected.

SORAYA SARHADDI NELSON, BYLINE: Real estate agent Anne Riney takes her client, Christian Ehrler, up the stairs to a two-bedroom apartment for sale in a trendy neighborhood of Berlin Mitte.

CHRISTIAN EHRLER: I already heard about it.

NELSON: Ehrler is hoping to buy this $476,000 apartment with a bank loan covering the full cost. With such a big loan, he's taking the unusual step of using his parent's home in southern Germany as collateral.

EHRLER: It's a good thing to invest and in such a location. The prices will be increased for sure.

NELSON: Ehrler's goal is to get a mortgage with less than a 3 percent interest rate. That's less than half the rate his parents paid for their mortgage. He adds that he's not the only one with plans to buy a home.

EHRLER: It's funny. At the moment, all my friends are looking for.

(LAUGHTER)

NELSON: These days, buyers lured by low interest rates or seeking a safer way to invest money are flooding the market here in Berlin and other German cities, looking to snap up property any way they can get it. The growing demand has driven prices up real estate prices by as much as 20 percent in some areas in the past year. And it's not only Germans like Ehrler who are shopping. International investors are pulling their money out of struggling countries like Italy and Greece to buy property here. Real estate agent Anne Riney says foreign buyers are attracted to Germany's financial stability.

RINEY: In Germany, growth is slow and steady, which is a healthy type of growth because it does have basis in reality, whereas in other countries, you'll often get growth from a hype, whereas the value of the property and the asking price didn't have any real relationship.

NELSON: A growing number of analysts and officials are warning that Germany is not immune to the kind of real estate bubble that crippled the United States and other Western countries. Stefan Mitropoulos is an analyst with Germany's HeLaBa bank.

STEFAN MITROPOULOS: (Foreign language spoken)

NELSON: He says the buying spree has sent German property prices soaring in recent years, leading buyers to assume large loans that many can't afford. That means Germany, which has footed much of the bill for Greek and other European bailouts, could soon face tough financial times of its own. Mitropoulos recalls a similar rise in property prices at the time of reunification that he says paralyzed the housing market here for more than a decade.

MITROPOULOS: (Foreign language spoken)

NELSON: But he adds that Germany's traditionally conservative banking practices should help reduce the risk of widespread financial disaster as experienced by other countries where the real estate bubble burst. Berlin real estate agent Anne Riney agrees, adding that German banks already take steps to protect against property devaluations.

RINEY: They take the market value and knock 20 percent off it and use this as their value for orientation. They usually give a loan for 80 percent of that.

NELSON: What those banks will lend to buyers coming from abroad is even less, Riney adds. Some of those buyers have to put up as much as 60 percent as a down payment. Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson, NPR News, Berlin.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

WERTHEIMER: You're listening to WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.